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Hiroshima for Global Peace

Hiroshima Report 20188. Pakistan (Non-Party to the NPT)

Points / Full Points (%)

Nuclear Disarmament

2/98 (2.0%)

Pakistan seems to be increasing its nuclear arsenal incrementally, and is estimated to possess 130-140 nuclear warheads. In addition to continuing to develop short- and medium-range ballistic missiles, it revealed a possession of low-yield, small nuclear weapons. Such developments raise concerns about the increased possibility for early use of nuclear weapons. It neither participated in the negotiation conference of the TPNW, nor signed the treaty. While maintaining a moratorium on nuclear test explosions, it refuses to sign the CTBT. Pakistan continues to block the commencement of negotiations on an FMCT at the CD. It has yet to declare a moratorium on production of fissile material for nuclear weapons.

Nuclear Non-Proliferation

10/43 (23.3%)

Pakistan has not yet acceded to the IAEA Additional Protocol. It argues that it has made efforts to enhance its export control systems: however, it is still unclear how robust or suc-cessfully implemented such export control systems are in practice.

Nuclear Security

18/41 (43.9%)

Pakistan is advancing the introduction of the recommendation measures of INFCIRC/225/Rev.5 through the improvement of domestic laws and the strengthening of physical protection of nuclear material. Pakistan is also focusing on preventing illicit transfer and contributing to capacity building activities. In addition, Pakistan has announced its contribution to the IAEA’s NSF in FY2018.

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