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Hiroshima for Global Peace

6. India ■Non-Party to the NPT

Nuclear Disarmament

-0.5 points

Full points 98

-0.5 %

Change compared to the Hiroshima Report 2019: -2.5

India is estimated to possess approximately 130-140 nuclear warheads, having added incrementally. It also continues to actively develop nuclear delivery vehicles, including ICBM and SLBM, and to produce fissile material for nuclear weapons. India voted positively to some extent in the UNGA Resolutions regarding nuclear disarmament. However, it has not signed the TPNW. India maintains a moratorium on nuclear test explosions, but refuses to sign the CTBT. India maintains its NFU policy despite reserving an option of nuclear retaliation vis-à-vis a major biological or chemical attack against it, and implying a possibility of change it in the future. During the crisis with Pakistan in February 2019, India threatened to fire missiles at Pakistan.

Nuclear Non-Proliferation

15 points

Full points 43


Change compared to the Hiroshima Report 2019: 0

India acceded to the IAEA Additional Protocol, in which no provision for complementary access visits is stipulated. India’s quest for membership in the NSG is supported by some member states, but the group has not yet made a decision. While actual nuclear cooperation with India by the NPT states parties has not necessarily been conducted, except India’s import of uranium, India and the U.S. concluded an agreement, including the U.S. construction of six nuclear power plants in India.

Nuclear Security

23 points

Full points 41


Change compared to the Hiroshima Report 2019: 0

India has ratified all relevant conventions except the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management, and has contributed to capacity building through its activities in the COE.

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