timelineTimeline (Toward the international peaceful society free of nuclear weapons)
The US conducted the first detonation of a nuclear weapon
The atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima
The first nuclear weapon used in human history, nicknamed “Little Boy” was dropped from the Enola Gay.
An atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki
The Soviet Union conducted the first nuclear test
On August 29, 1949, the Soviet Union conducted the test at the Semipalatinsk test site (Kazakhstan). After its independence from the Soviet Union, Kazakhstan closed the site on August 29, 1991. August 29 is the International Day against Nuclear Test of the United Nations
The UK conducted the first nuclear test
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was created
IAEA was established to promote safe, secure and peaceful nuclear technologies and prevent diversion of nuclear energy to any military purpose.
France conducted the first nuclear test
China conducted the first nuclear test
The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) opened for signature
During the cold war, the negotiation toward the abolition of nuclear weapons was stagnated. Moreover, the number of countries which sought to acquire nuclear weapons or had potential to produce nuclear weapons increased. Thus, it is believed that the prevention of spreading nuclear weapons leads to abolish nuclear weapons. NPT opened for signature in 1968 and entered into force in 1970. The three pillars of NPT are nuclear non-proliferation, nuclear disarmament and peaceful use of nuclear power.
India conducted the first nuclear test
Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) was adopted
CTBT prohibits “any nuclear weapon test explosion or any other nuclear explosion” anywhere in the world including the atmosphere, underwater and space. As of December 2019, 168 of the 184 signatories have deposited their instruments of ratification of the CTBT. Among the 44 states listed in Annex2 of the CTBT, whose ratification is a prerequisite for the treaty’s entry into force, five states (China, Egypt, Iran, Israel and the US) have signed but not ratified, and three (India, North Korea and Pakistan) have not even signed. Thus, the treaty has not yet entered into force.
Pakistan conducted the first nuclear test
North Korea conducted the first nuclear test
New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START) was entered into force
New START is a bilateral agreement between the US and Russia. Under the treaty, both parties must meet the Treaty’s central limits on strategic arms by 2018. The Treaty is set to expire in February 2021 and we pay attention to the future bilateral arms control agreement
The US President Obama visited Hiroshima (He is the first sitting US President to visit Hiroshima)
The Treaty on Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) was adopted
As of April 8, 2020, 36 states have ratified the treaty. The treaty enters into force after 50 states have ratified or acceded to it.
The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF Treaty) was expired
The INF treaty was the first agreement in the field of nuclear disarmament to eliminate a certain category of nuclear weapons and led to end the cold war. The expiration of the treaty without alternative measures will threaten the beginning of a new arms race and increasing risk of using nuclear weapons.
Pope Francis visited Hiroshima
On Novermber 24, Pope Francis visited Hiroshima. Meeting for peace was held at the Peace Memorial Park. Pope disseminated peace message.
75th anniversary of the atomic bombing
75th anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima
Let’s start with what we can do.
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