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Hiroshima for Global Peace

18. Iran ■Non-Nuclear-Weapon State

Nuclear Disarmament 12.5 Points Full Points 42 29.8%
Change compared to the Hiroshima Report 2020: -1.5
Iran voted for most of the UNGA Resolutions regarding nuclear disarmament, including the UNGA resolution titled “Taking forward multilateral nuclear disarmament negotiations,” and other UNGA Resolutions related to the humanitarian dimensions as well as legal prohibition of nuclear weapons. However, it has not actively engaged in promotion of nuclear disarmament. Iran has neither ratified the CTBT nor signed the TPNW.
Nuclear Non-Proliferation 32 Points Full Points 61 52.5%
Change compared to the Hiroshima Report 2020: -3
Iran has steadily expanded the areas of non-compliance of its own obligations under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), inter alia, its stockpile of enriched uranium, level of enrichment, the number of centrifuges has exceeded the upper limit of JCPOA. It was intended to be countermeasures against the U.S. withdrawal from it and resumption of sanctions against Iran. In November, it resumed enriching uranium up to 20%. Iran also announced that Iran would suspend the provisional application of the IAEA Additional Protocol if JCPOA member states did not lift the sanction by 21 February 2021. On the other hand, Iran accepted the IAEA inspection including complimentary access visits even under the COVID-19 pandemic. The IAEA visited the two sites concerned, and conducted environmental sampling. Iran and North Korea reportedly resume cooperation on a long-range missile project.
Nuclear Security 12 Points Full Points 41 29.3%
Change compared to the Hiroshima Report 2020: 0
Iran has completed domestic procedures to ratify the Joint Convention. On the other hand, there is room for improvement in acceding to other relevant conventions. Iran is updating the regulations on security of radioactive sources and prevention of illicit trafficking. Iran seems to become more positively involved in nuclear security by hosting IAEA workshops both for itself and for the region in the past few years.
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