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Hiroshima for Global Peace

Hiroshima Report 202318. Iran ■Non-Nuclear-Weapon State

Nuclear Disarmament 14.5 Points Full Points 48 30.2%
Iran voted for most of the UNGA Resolutions regarding nuclear disarmament, including the UNGA resolution titled “Taking forward multilateral nuclear disarmament negotiations,” and other UNGA Resolutions related to the humanitarian dimensions as well as legal prohibition of nuclear weapons. However, it has not actively engaged in promotion of nuclear disarmament. Iran has neither ratified the CTBT nor signed the TPNW. It was against the UNGA resolution on a FMCT. It has been strengthening its relations with Russia after its invasion of Ukraine.
Nuclear Non-Proliferation 25 Points Full Points 61 41.0%
Although indirect negotiations by the countries concerned to revive the JCPOA were held intermittently, no agreement was reached by the end of 2022. As a countermeasure to the U.S. withdrawal from the JCPOA and the enhancement of sanctions on Iran, Tehran has steadily expanded the areas from which it has withdrawn from its own obligations under the JCPOA; such as the upper limits of, inter alia, its stockpile of enriched uranium, level of enrichment (including 20% and 60% HEU), and the number of centrifuges. In addition, it also suspended verification and monitoring measures under the JCPOA, including the provisional application of the Additional Protocol to the IAEA Safeguards Agreement. The IAEA could not resolve the issues regarding the accuracy and completeness of declarations for four sites related to the alleged Iran’s past clandestine nuclear program. 
Nuclear Security 4 Points Full Points 38 10.5%
Iran is not a party to several nuclear security-related conventions, and there is room for improvement. Although Iran should have completed the domestic procedures for ratification of the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste, it appears that the Convention was not ratified in 2022. The last IPPAS mission was received in 2004, and there was no information on nuclear security efforts in 2022.
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