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Hiroshima for Global Peace

Timeline of the Events Related to Hiroshima’s Reconstruction

1589 Construction of Hiroshima Castle was started by order of Terumoto Mori
1871 Hiroshima Prefecture was established, in the course of abolishment of the feudal domain system and the setting up of a prefecture system
1888 The 5th Division Headquarters of the Imperial Japanese Army was established in Hiroshima
1889 A new system of municipalities was enforced and Hiroshima officially became one of the first cities in Japan ( April)
Construction of Ujina Port was completed (November)
1894 The Sanyo Railroad reached Hiroshima (June)
The First Sino-Japanese war was broke out (August). The Imperial Headquarters were moved to Hiroshima in response to the war (September)
The Provisional Imperial Diet was held in Hiroshima (October)
1902 Hiroshima Higher Normal School was established (April)
1912 Hiroshima Denki Kido Company (current Hiroshima Electric Railway) started service (November)
1915 Hiroshima Prefectural Commercial Exhibition Hall (current the A-bomb Dome) was opened (August)
1929 Hiroshima’s first department store, “Fukuya” opened (October)
1945 The Second General Army, which commanded troops in western Japan, was established in preparation for decisive battles on the mainland and its headquarters were located in Hiroshima (April)
An atomic bomb was dropped on the city of Hiroshima (August 6, 8:15 a.m.)
An atomic bomb was dropped on the city of Nagasaki (August 9, 11:02 a.m.)
The Japanese government accepted the Potsdam Declaration (August 14, on the next day, August 15, the Showa Emperor’s imperial edict ending the war was radiobroadcasted)
1946 Hiroshima Reconstruction City Planning was determined
1947 The Constitution of Japan was enforced (May 3)
The 1st Peace Festival was held in Hiroshima City (August 6)
1949 Hiroshima Peace Memorial City Construction Law was enacted (in May, enforced on August 6)
1951 San Francisco Peace Treaty was signed (in September. came into force on April 28, 1952)
1952 Hiroshima Peace Memorial City Construction Planning was determined
1955 The 1st World Conference against A and H Bombs was held in Hiroshima City (August 6)
Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum was opened (August 24)
1956 Hiroshima Atomic-bomb Hospital (current Hiroshoima Red Cross Hospital & Atomic-bomb Survivors Hospital) was opened (September)
1957 Atomic Bomb Survivors Medical Care Law was enforced (April)
1958 Hiroshima Reconstruction Exposition was held (from April 1 through May 20)
The Children’s Peace Monument was unveiled (May 5)
1966 The Hiroshima City Council unanimously passed a resolution to permanently preserve the A-bomb Dome (July)
1968 Atomic Bomb Survivors Special Measures Law was enforced (September)
The Moto-machi district was designated as an residential area for improvement (March)
1970 The first nursing home for A-bomb survivors in Japan, Funairi Mutsumi-en opened
1975 Sanyo Shinkansen reached Hiroshima Station (March)
Professional baseball team, Hiroshima Toyo CARP marked its first leaguechampionship (October)
1976 Mayors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki visited the United Nations Headquarters and requested the abolition of nuclear weapons (December)
1978 The Moto-machi district redevelopment project was completed (commemorative ceremony was held in October)
1980 Hiroshima became Japan’s tenth “government ordinance designated city” (April)
1982 The World Conference of Mayors for Peace through Inter-city Solidarity (current Mayors for Peace) was established in response to the proposal by mayors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki (June)
1985 General Conference of the 1st World Conference of Mayors for Peace through Intercity Solidarity held in Hiroshima (August), to be held once in four years
1992 The 1st United Nations Conference on Disarmament Issues was held in Hiroshima (June. also held in 1994, 1996, 2015 and 2017)
1994 The East Building of Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum was opened (June)
The 12th Asian Games Hiroshima 1994 was held (October)
1995 Atomic Bomb Survivors Support Law was enforced (July)
In response to a UN resolution, the International Court of Justice heard oral statements regarding the illegality of the use of nuclear weapons. The mayors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki gave their presentations at the Court.
1996 The A-bomb Dome and Miyajima (Itsukushima Shinto Shrine) were registered on the list of the world heritage sites (December)
1997 The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Chugoku International Center opened (April)
2001 Hiroshima’s first underground shopping mall, Kamiyacho Shareo opened (April)
2002 The Hiroshima National Peace Memorial Hall for the Atomic Bomb Victims opened (August)
2003 United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) Hiroshima Office opened (July)
2009 The new Hiroshima Municipal Baseball Stadium, “Mazda Zoom-Zoom Stadium Hiroshima” was completed (March)
2010 The World Summit of Nobel Peace Laureates was held in Hiroshima (November)
2014 The Ministerial Meeting of the Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Initiative (NPDI) was held in Hiroshima, and “Hiroshima Declaration“ was adopted (April)
2016 G7 Hiroshima Foreign Ministers’ Meeting was held in Hiroshima (April)
President Obama of the United States visited Hiroshima (May)
2017 Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons was adopted at the United Nations Headquarters in New York (July)


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Hiroshima Prefectural Office

Street address:10-52, Motomachi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima-shi, Hiroshima-ken, 730-8511