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Hiroshima for Global Peace

3. Russia ■Nuclear-Weapon State

Nuclear Disarmament 2.7 Points Full Points 101 2.7%
Change compared to the Hiroshima Report 2020: -1.3
The number of Russia’s nuclear weapons has been reduced. However, it is estimated to still possess 6,375 nuclear warheads. Russia has actively modernized ICBMs and SLBMs, and developed hypersonic boost glide weapons as well as nuclear-powered torpedoes. Furthermore, Russia is alleged to have violated the INF Treaty, which was terminated in August 2019. It continues to implement New START. Meanwhile, Russia could not reach an agreement during 2020 with the U.S. on the extension of the deadline of the treaty. It voted against most of the UNGA Resolutions regarding nuclear disarmament, and showed a negative attitude to the issues on humanitarian dimensions as well as legal prohibition of nuclear weapons, in particular. It has not signed the TPNW. In June, it publicized the “Basic Principles of State Policy of the Russian Federation on Nuclear Deterrence,” in which situations of determining to use nuclear weapons were listed.
Nuclear Non-Proliferation 34 Points Full Points 47 72.3%
Change compared to the Hiroshima Report 2020: -1
Russia acceded to the IAEA Additional Protocol, in which no provision for complementary access visits is stipulated. It considers that the conclusion of an Additional Protocol should be voluntary. Russia supported a proposal by the Arab states, and participated in the UN conference on a WMD-free zone in the Middle East. Several violations on sanction measures against North Korea under the UNSCRs were reported. In 2020, it did not submit a report based on the Guidelines for the Management of Plutonium to the IAEA.
Nuclear Security 20 Points Full Points 41 48.8%
Change compared to the Hiroshima Report 2020: 0
Russia has ratified all relevant conventions and has introduced recommended measures of INFCIRC/225/Rev.5. In 2020, Russia’s Rosatom Technical Academy which was designated as an IAEA Collaborating Centre held the International School on Nuclear Security.
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