3. Russia ■Nuclear-Weapon State
||Full Points 101
|Change compared to the Hiroshima Report 2021：+1.0
|The number of Russia’s nuclear weapons has been reduced. However, it is estimated to still possess 6,255 nuclear warheads. Russia has actively modernized ICBMs and SLBMs, and developed hypersonic boost glide weapons as well as nuclear-powered torpedoes. Russia reached an agreement with the U.S. on the five-year extension of the New START. At the U.S.-Russian summit meeting, they reaffirmed the principle that “a nuclear war cannot be won and must never be fought.” They also agreed to convene a Strategic Stability Dialogue for discussing, inter alia, future arms control. It voted against most of the UNGA Resolutions regarding nuclear disarmament. It has not signed the TPNW. Russia announced in June that it had conducted subcritical experiments.
||Full Points 47
|Change compared to the Hiroshima Report 2021：0
|Russia acceded to the IAEA Additional Protocol, in which no provision for complementary access visits is stipulated. It considers that the conclusion of an Additional Protocol should be voluntary. Russia supported a proposal by the Arab states, and participated in the UN conference on a WMD-free zone in the Middle East. Several violations on sanction measures against North Korea under the UNSCRs were reported. In 2021, it did not submit a report based on the Guidelines for the Management of Plutonium to the IAEA.
||Full Points 41
|Change compared to the Hiroshima Report 2021：-1
|Russia has ratified all relevant conventions and has introduced recommended measures of INFCIRC/225/Rev.5. It participates in international efforts to strengthen nuclear forensics capabilities. Regarding HEU minimization, there was no new commitment in 2021 continuing from the previous year.