Status of Nuclear ForcesThe number of nuclear weapons
1. Nuclear-Weapon States
As of end of 2018, 8 countries (China, France Russia, the United Kingdom, the United States, India, Pakistan and North Korea) have declared having nuclear weapons. Israel has maintained a policy of “nuclear ambiguity” by neither confirming nor denying having nuclear weapons, although it is widely considered that it has them.
2. Status of Nuclear Forces (estimates)
The number of nuclear weapons, which grew to approximately 70,000 at the peak of the Cold War era, has been reduced steadily since the late 1980s. according to the estimated produced by the Stockholm International peace Research Institute (SIPRI), an estimated 13,865 nuclear weapons still exist in this world. And the U.S. and Russian nuclear stockpiles together constitute more than 90 percent of the total.
3. Hiroshima’s initiative
Hiroshima Prefecture annually publishes “Hiroshima Report” since 2012 which evaluates achievement in nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation and nuclear security. By disseminating this report to the country and showing the status of each country’s efforts toward nuclear disarmament, we expect that the process of eliminating nuclear weapons in the international community is steadily advanced one step at a time.
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